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Tax On Debt Mutual Funds In India.....

Short term capital gains on Debt funds
Non equity Funds (which holds less than 65% of its expousre in equity)Short term means period of holding is less than a year.
Short Term Capital gains tax is deducted according to individual investor's income tax slab.

Example: Suppose you are getting Rs.25000 gain by selling debt fund within a year and if your annual salary is Rs.5,00,000, then your taxable income will be Rs 5,25,000.

Long Term Capital Gains
Long term capital gains means units are held for more than a year, so tax will be 10% on gains without indexations  or 20% on gains with indexation plus applicable surcharge and education cess.
Now how we can calculate long term gains gain with indexation
Example: Indexation helps you to offset your gain with the effect of inflation.

Government will notify the Cost of inflation Index every year.
Table Source: Tax Point India
In indexation, the investment cost is raised to inflation cost for the period the investment is held. This is done by using a cost inflation index number released by the central tax authorities every year.
Suppose you have invested 2 Lakh in a debt fund in April 2012 and is selling in May 2013 for 2,21,000

Your original investment = 2, 00,000

Your Long Term Capital gain is 21,000 (sale price - cost price)

Indexed cost:  2, 00,000 x 939/852 = 220422.535
Capital Gain after indexation = 2, 21,000 – 220422.535 = 577.465 (sale price- indexed cost)
So, in this case, you have to pay 20% tax on the gain of 577.465/- only and not on the gain of 21,000!  Your tax liability is only 115/-. This is the benefit of indexation.
If you don’t want to apply indexation, you have to pay 10% tax on the gain of 21,000. Then the tax liability will be 2100/-.
How does debt mutual funds taxation differ for NRI investors?
If you are an NRI and you invest in an  non equity mutual fund and redeem it, tax will be deducted at source. This is only for NRIs, not for resident individual investors.
Short Term Capital Gains
TDS on STCG is applicable at 30% for debt mutual funds.

Long Term Capital Gains
 TDS on LTCG will be applicable at 20%.


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